The potential harms are at most small, leading the USPSTF to conclude that these interventions have a small net benefit for adults without obesity who do not have CVD risk factors. Supplementation with antioxidant vitamins A and E to prevent cancer has become popular in recent years after the publication of studies demonstrating possible benefit 75 76 77 78 79 Interventions related to diet, physical activity, or combinations thereof, with sufficient detail to meet Community Guide standards.
All groups lost weight, but the group that exercised maintained basal metabolic rate better, which makes it easier to continue to normalize weight and body composition J Occup Health ; An investigation of the effects of daily physical activity on the health of primary school students in South Australia.
Worksite health promotion: These may include include: Additional research on the additive or differential benefit of different counseling foci i.
Aldana SG. In fact, beta-carotene supplements appeared to increase, rather than to reduce, lung cancer incidence and deaths from cardiovascular disease in current smokers and in workers exposed to asbestos Another community-based study, the Australian North Coast Cholesterol Check Campaign, demonstrated that nutrition counseling and physician referrals contributed to a reduction of blood cholesterol levels in a hypercholesterolemic population Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ; Two studies that met the quality criteria for a Community Guide economic review provided cost-effectiveness analyses of worksite interventions to prevent and control overweight and obesity 80, Dietary Fat and Cholesterol as Risk Factors Despite public health messages that focus on reducing fat intake and, theoretically, decreasing total energy intake at the same timethe incidence of obesity in the American population has increased Read the full Recommendation Statement here.
Effect sizes for each outcome of interest were obtained from all studies meeting the minimum quality criteria qualifying studies. J Occup Med ; Cardiovascular risk factor prevention in black school children: Other types of evidence can also affect a recommendation.
A Food Guide Pyramid for older Americans emphasizes nutrient-dense, well-balanced, nutritionally adequate foods and includes recommendations for fluid intake Fig.
Primary care professionals are encouraged to work together with their patients when making the decision to offer or refer adults who are not obese and do not have hypertension, high cholesterol, high blood sugar, or diabetes to behavior counseling to promote healthful diet and physical activity.
Introduction The Task Force on Community Preventive Services Task Force leads work on the Community Guide, a resource that includes multiple systematic reviews, each focusing on a public health topic. For each setting in which a review of interventions to prevent overweight and obesity was completed, the review team developed an analytic framework to indicate the relation of interventions to relevant intermediate outcomes e.
To update the US Preventive Services Task Force USPSTF recommendation on behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention among adults without obesity who do not have cardiovascular risk factors hypertension, dyslipidemia, abnormal blood glucose levels, or diabetes.
Correlates of weight loss in treatment and at follow-up. Vitamin supplementation is often initiated because older people want to prevent disease and take responsibility for their own health care 63 In the UK, one in 10 children are obese when they start school.Behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention in adults: U.S.
Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. Sep 4;(5) Nutritional well-being among older adults is critical for maintaining health, increasing longevity, and decreasingthe impactofchronicillness.
However, few well-controlledstudies have examinednutritionalbehav ior change among low-income older adults. A prospective, controlled, randomized design examined a fivesession nutrition education module delivered to limited-resource older adults.
Pignone MP, Ammerman A, Fernandez L, Orleans T, Pender N, Woolf S, et al. Counseling to promote a healthy diet in adults. A summary of the evidence for the U.S.
Preventive Services Task Force.
festival-decazeville.com is a platform for academics to share research papers. The Clinical Guide provides information on 1) screening and interventions for childhood overweight (21), 2) effectiveness of routine counseling to promote physical activity in primary care settings (22), 3) behavioral counseling to promote a healthy diet (23), and 4) screening and counseling of adults for obesity and overweight (24).
While eating a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-type diet, increasing physical activity, and weight loss have been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP), limited resources are available in the primary care setting to help patients make these changes.